Quantitative Experiments

Effect of Bicycle on Poverty Alleviation

Quantitative Field Study-1: Uganda

Organization: Institute for Transportation & Development Policy, Europe

  • Cost-benefit analysis of bicycle ownership
  • 300 poor households from different regions of Uganda were given subsidized bicycles and a one-time guidance of how to utilize the time saved in doing any allied productive work
  • All households either enlarged the area of land used for agricultural purposes or intensified the level of cultivation
  • Roughly half of all households began or intensified non-agricultural activities during the survey period, and in that way diversified the composition of their household income.
  • Saving of almost 2 hours per day of transport time per household
  • Substantially more frequent visits to market and medical facilities
  • 35% higher income

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Quantitative Field Study-2: Tanzania

Organization: International Labour Office
  • The understanding that "Roads Are Not Enough" was the reason why Integrated Rural Transport Project in Makete District, Tanzania was conducted.
  • About 100 households surveyed for impact of bicycle ownership
  • Bicycle has very strong impact on the market production: It enables the farmers to cultivate bigger fields and use more fertilizer.
  • Bicycle households marketed two fifth more than comparable non-NMT-households.
  • Total monetary benefits of a bicycle 55% of the household’s income
  • The main restriction for the purchase of a bicycle is the relative high procurement cost.
  • 80-90 % of the households desiring an NMT stated that they could not afford the price
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Quantitative Field Study-3: Srilanka

Organization: World Bicycle ReliefUSA.
  • After Tsunami, 24,000 free bicycles distributed
  • Surveyed 221 bicycle owners for impact made
  • More than two years after the tsunami, 88% of respondents still rely on the bicycle as part of their livelihood
  • Bicycles save between 10 and 20 percent of a household’s annual income over other transportation alternatives, and in the poorest households as much as 30 percent – income that contributes directly to livelihood security
  • Bicycle distribution has effectively mobilized and empowered women, with 82 percent of women recipients reporting that they use the bicycle for income-generating activities
  • Bicycle saved, in alternative transportation costs, 18% of a recipient’s $71 average monthly income.
  • If saved time was spent on productive endeavors, then $0.52/day additional income could be produced – a more than 17% increase.
  • While this survey did not specifically calculate the cost savings of a bike recipient’s ability to reach regional markets, parallel surveys show further significant cost savings.
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